Toddlers rely on two important things to gather information and learn: experience and their senses. A sensory table brings these two together to take children through a fun exploration of information.
Sensory tables are amazing hands-on learning essentials that early childhood teachers love to have in school setups. This educational innovation encourages open-ended sensory play through its components that develop open-ended thinking, language development, collaboration, and fine motor skills. It’s a novelty that is both engaging, dynamic, and therapeutic for children to play with and enjoy.
The goal of sensory tables is to provide children with a controlled environment that provides a variety of stimuli. These stimuli will take kids through a sensory adventure that they can enjoy and learn from.
This innovation is ideal in preschool or daycare settings as it would provide their developing bodies that would improve their physical, mental, social, and emotional skills. Sensory play is highly beneficial for toddlers and preschoolers. Their developing minds act like sponges that easily internalize data or information through their five senses and experiences.
This article will walk you through some amazing sensory table ideas that you can make for your kids. These recommendations combine the most popular materials for sensory tables, some of which are less orthodox.
What are Sensory Tables?
Sensory tables are low tables that hold one or more containers. These containers are filled with items or materials that provide a variety of stimuli. Children use these stimuli to explore and experience the world around them.
As children rely heavily on their senses to gather information and discover their environment, sensory tables are the ideal innovations to help kids develop their skills. Sensory tables provide toddlers and their developing bodies opportunities for exercise. Such exercises allow children to refine their cognitive abilities, sharpen their fine motor skills, and practice collaboration.
Sensory Table Ideas for Kids
As sensory tables are all about providing a unique variety of stimuli for kids, there are an amazing number of combinations you can try for your children. From the classic sand to the cutting edge variant, kinetic sand, child development experts have found limitless ways to provide a learning experience for kids.
The stimuli on sensory tables, depending on composition, can impact certain senses better. Kinetic sand focuses tactile stimuli, dried spices are a treat to olfactory senses, colorful rice is charming for the eyes, differences in textures are interesting for the ears, and edible sensory tables can be gustatory.
Here are some of the most popular combinations of materials for sensory tables:
The Beach Sensory Table
The beach sensory table is considered a classic for educational setups. The beach sensory table may be composed of a couple of components and combinations. Its most basic components are sand and water.
However, as child development professionals become more creative about providing a new experience for toddlers, varieties have popped up. Normally, you prepare your table, put a good amount of sand on one side and some water on the other. Depending on what you want your children to experience, you should be careful with the amount of sand. The ratio should be carefully considered as too much water might erode the sand, ruining the beach composition.
You may include small bath toys for size variation or some shells to complete the quaint beach texture combination of sand and shells. Another fun component you can add is floating toys to simulate the beach environment. This composition is a classic to educators and teachers worldwide.
The Deep Sea Sensory Table
This setup is very similar to the beach composition. The main difference is that instead of putting the sand on one side, you completely submerge it in water. The goal of this sensory table is to replicate the deep sea setup.
Primarily, all that the setup requires is water and sand. But this composition is as fun and flexible as these sensory tables can get. You can bury small trinkets on the sand underwater and take your children on a treasure hunt. If you have floating bath toys or accessories, you can submerge them in water to make the underwater environment more lively; they’re certainly welcome.
You can add fish figures or castle structures to provide some more color to the experience, taking your children through a stimulating sensory experience. Your kids can enjoy playing pirate-themed treasure hunting games or fish-themed play using fish figures. It’s a great sensory table composition that is easy to set up and highly customizable.
Watercolor Cotton Sensory Table
This sensory table composition is an amazing tactile and visual experience for your children. It’s incredibly easy to set up. Despite the mess this activity could possibly unleash in your classroom or home, it’s an excellent activity that develops creativity and imagination. The painting activity sharpens children’s fine motor skills and improves the bones and muscles on kids’ hands so they can perform tasks that require dexterity.
Set up a considerable amount of cotton on your sensory table. Prepare water coloring sets for each child and give them free rein over the coloring activity. This sensory table, despite its incredibly easy setup, provides so much fun for groups of children. As the kids play together and paint together, they can build social and emotional skills through cooperative and collaborative play.
Overall, the watercolor cotton table is super fun and covers all the developmental needs that children have, from physical to emotional skills.
Construction Zone Sensory Table
This sensory table may be a bit difficult to assemble, but it’s definitely one of the most fun ones to play with as well. The goal of this creative sensory table is to put together a construction site using toy trucks and dozers. The construction site can consist of rocks and pebbles, but the more size variations you have available the better, as the kids can use the trucks to categorize the rocks by size.
A lot of kids love their trucks and bulldozers. That’s why this sensory table idea is an amazing addition to classrooms. You can put together sand, pebbles, and larger rocks so children can play with the rock sizes and textures in the sensory bin.
You can create variations to the play experience by finding rocks and adding numbers and letters. Children can use these letters to learn about spelling and counting. It’s a sure hit for children who love trucks and dozers, and adding variations can boost its educational value.
The Moon Landing Sensory Table
Set up an Apollo mission of your own using moon dough and astronaut-themed toys! Moon dough is fun to make, and the kids can be part of the assembly, too. Mix the mushy moon sand using two primary ingredients: baby oil and flour. Moon sand is fun to play with and an exciting tactile stimulus for kids to explore and play with.
Create a considerable amount of moon dough, enough to cover the entirety of the sensory table and deep enough for children to be able to create or dig holes. Decorate the sensory table with astronaut-themed toys such as spaceships and people in suits.
Equip your kids with digging tools and cups they can use for playing with the moon dough so they can refine their motor skills. Kids can also use these cups to form structures out of the moon dough and enjoy its unique texture.
Mud and Bugs Sensory Table
Now before you dismiss the idea, there’s a version of this sensory table where you can use edible soil instead of actual mud. If you’re willing to keep an eye out on the kids, though, as they play with real soil, strict supervision is advised.
Now this composition might be a bit messy. For this sensory table, your kids are going to be playing with some soil. Get some mud or soil from the garden and put them all on the sensory table you have available. This would be a great way to teach kids about insects as the mud or soil can be thematically paired with insect toys or models.
You can easily create the edible soil within just five minutes using flour, cornstarch, water, and some ground coffee. Depending on how much edible soil you want to make, mix equal parts flour and cornstarch. Add some water until you can create lumps in the mixture. If you’d like a reference for the ratios, if you use half a cup each for the flour and cornstarch, then a cup of water will do the trick. You can add one or two cups of ground coffee as you make sure that the mixture is still doughy enough that you can make small balls using the final product.
Put them all together in one sensory table and top it off with insect toys to create an incredible-looking sensory table.
Letter Hunt Sensory Table
This sensory table is all about teaching your children spelling and language through unique ways and compositions. There are a variety of ways to set this sensory table up for your kids. The primary element that has to stay consistent is that kids have to dig up or fish out letters from sand, soil, or water. The goal is to ensure that children rely on their dexterity to secure the letters and put them together to spell words or letters.
There are a number of variations to this sensory table composition. The most popular version is burying the letters under some sand. After you set the table up with sand and letters, you can equip your kids with digging tools like a small shovel and a bucket so they can dig away.
Another variation is filling up the sensory table with water and having the letter just float around with other accessories or toys. Your kids can use a net or a strainer for fishing out the letters they need. This is an amazing sensory table that massively improves children’s hand-eye coordination, motor skills, and language capabilities.
Color Matching Sensory Table
This sensory table is all about keeping kids engaged with a challenging sorting game. Fill up your sensory table with toys of different colors, but make sure they fit into categories such as red, blue, green, yellow, or orange. You can prepare as many toys or materials as possible, as long as they can be categorized accurately.
Label a couple of containers with the colors you intend to use for the sorting game. Once you have the materials and toys set up and the containers labeled, unleash the kids and let the sorting fun begin. The challenge will revolve around the play mechanic that they have to use their eyes and hands to sort through colorful toys and materials.
Rainbow Rice Sensory Table
This incredible sensory table is a feast for the eyes. The preparation can be taxing, but the results are definitely worth it. The tactile stimulation of the fine texture of rice and the colors you can paint them with is a fantastic combination for sensory learning.
The setup can take some work, but it would be a nice activity to do with the kids. All you need is white rice, white vinegar, and food coloring. The different food coloring hues you have available will dictate how many shades you’ll have for the rice. Once you decide how many colors you want to have for the rice, prepare that number of plastic bags.
Fill each of the bags with five cups of rice and two to three tablespoons of vinegar. Add the color by doing 30 to 40 drops of food coloring on the bags. Seal the bags and give them a good shake to ensure that the coloring covers all of the rice.
Open the bags and leave them to air out overnight to decrease the strong vinegar smell. The day after, you can pour the rice out onto the table and arrange them according to color. Once you finish the assembly, it’s time for the kids to experience and learn.
Colorful Shaving Cream Sensory Table
Shaving cream is an interesting sensory material. Often dismissed as just hygienic material, shaving cream provides a pleasant surprise when used as a material on sensory tables. Assembly requires very little effort as all you need to do is secure enough shaving cream to fill up a sensory table.
With several food coloring packs, cover the shaving cream with the colors of the rainbow. Put in as many colors as you like to make the activity as colorful and visually stimulating as possible. To make this activity more interesting, you can add small toys for children to dig up. Adding letters and numbers would also add an educational element to the sensory table to complete the experience. This composition would be an excellent visual and tactile experience for children’s developing bodies and minds.
Lego Building Sensory Table
Legos are, perhaps, one of the most popular toys to ever exist. These innovative and engaging toys, when combined with the creative design of sensory tables, are a match made in heaven.
The color of the legos alone makes for an excellent visual experience. Have your kids enjoy their lego time by providing them with a sensory table that delivers a variety of pieces they can explore. These legos provide an opportunity to exercise bones and muscles in hands through their timeless game mechanic.
Lego textures are also fun to explore as they deliver interesting textures while kids lock pieces together. Fitting pieces together also allows kids to practice hand-eye coordination. Exploring designs and builds also hones critical thinking and problem-solving skills. The composition encourages creativity, imagination, and exploration through sensory experiences.
Garden Sensory Table
The garden sensory bin is one of the visually pleasing sensory tables on this list. Your kids can be part of assembling the sensory table as it can be a therapeutic activity similar to a mini garden. The garden sensory table is fun and easy to assemble, a great experience that you and the kids can bond over.
Prepare some soil, some flowers or plants (real or artificial), gardening tools, pots, and a plastic bin. Assemble the soil and rocks in the sensory table, then prop the flowers and plants up for your children to explore. Using the gardening tools, guide your kids through the gardening experience. The soil and rocks provide a varying tactile experience to complete the sensory learning session. Children can also have fun redecorating the plants and flowers with a pair of scissors, practicing their fine motor skills in the process.
Kinetic Sand Sensory Table
Kinetic sand is among the most popular sensory toys in the modern era. It’s an amazing innovation that allows children to explore the many ways their hands can influence matter. On top of that, kinetic sand is also pleasant to the touch.
This innovative sensory toy can be purchased in many stores online or offline. Its fascinating play mechanic is always a standout at school, being soft and crumbly yet able to maintain its shape if squeezed or pressed into form.
However, if you prefer to administer a fun experiment for the kids, you can opt to make kinetic sand of your own. All you need for this fun science experiment are three ingredients. Your young scientists can hop into the fun as this experiment is simple and easy to do.
You’ll need sand, cornstarch, and cooking oil. Mix these ingredients together while following the 5-3-1 ratio. Mix diligently until you eliminate all the dry and oily spots, creating the kinetic sand for your sensory table. You can take this sensory bin to the next level by adding digging and shaping equipment into the mix, like small shovels, buckets, and cookie cutters.
Sandbox Sensory Table
Sandboxes are ageless classics. From playgrounds to schools, sandboxes have been an educational fixture for years. It has appeared in pop culture media as a constant presence in many playgrounds and schools.
Despite its simple composition, sandboxes can provide hours and hours of fun for curious children who enjoy sensory play. All you need for a sandbox sensory table is the table itself and loads of sand. To make playing in the sand more fun for children, you may equip the kids with a variety of toys. The best toys for the job are shovels, buckets, toy trucks, and many others.
This sandbox will provide opportunities for physical, mental, social, and emotional growth. Playing with sand improves dexterity, fine motor skills, critical thinking, and collaborative skills.
Rainbow Pasta Sensory Table
A lot of kids have fun eating spaghetti. This is because some kids find pasta, its slinky nature, and its fun texture absolutely fascinating. These elements are exactly why pasta is an amazing material to use on sensory tables.
Rainbow pasta is easy to make, so you and your kids can experiment with the materials together. There will be some cooking involved, so make sure you keep watch of what the young ones do as you process the pasta. This sensory table is pretty messy and will stain your hands, so it can be a fun bonding activity for your kids who love some chaos while they play.
Prepare the spaghetti, gel food dye, containers, and some cooking tools. Cook the spaghetti normally, boiling it in water and some salt for a decent amount of time. Divide the entirety of its quantity depending on how many colors you have available.
Once you finish cooking the pasta, divide them into containers – one for each color. Drop the coloring into the containers and toss the pasta. If you have gloves, feel free to use those, but if you prefer using tools, you can do that as well.
Leave the containers out to dry for 45 minutes to an hour before you arrange them on the sensory table. It would be great to organize the pasta by color so the kids can mix and match as they want on their own.
Magnet Sensory Tables
Magnets are always fun and fascinating materials to use for playtime. This is why putting together an entire sensory table that revolves around the concept of magnets would be amazing.
There are a variety of ways to prepare a magnet sensory table. For this recommendation, the goal is to create a pool of objects that your children can explore using their hands. Mixing together non-magnetic and magnetic objects can take the children through a searching game.
Variations of this sensory table can include alphabet magnets, magnetic wands, letter beads, magnetic counting chips, funnels, scoops, and even colored alphabet pasta filler. To make things interesting, you can bury the magnetic counting chips in the filler or the rest of the non-magnetic materials for a treasure hunt.
Marble Sensory Table
Marbles’ smooth and glossy texture makes it an amazing material to use on sensory tables. There are several ways to play with marbles that improve dexterity, coordination, and fine motor skills. Marbles can be a fun way to exercise hand and bone muscles as they can be used to practice finer tasks like picking things up with a tong or spoon.
Here’s one challenge you can try: fill the sensory table up with marble and challenge your kids to place marbles on top of caps. This challenge refines motor skills and improves hand-eye coordination. They can use spoons to scoop the marbles and place them on the caps.
To make things even more exciting, you can create an obstacle course or maze that you can use as a labyrinth for the marbles to navigate. They can also play a color sorting game by organizing the marbles by shade. Another exciting idea is to use slides or inclined planes to play with the marbles and gravity. The kids can even start a race using the marbles, a game that’s been making rounds on the internet for its high-paced and competitive game mechanic.
Water Beads Sensory Table
At some point in anyone’s life, they have probably come across water beads and their curious nature. Water beads have an amazing and fascinating texture. These childhood fixtures are squishy, smooth, and satisfying to the touch. Despite being extremely easy to set up, water beads sensory tables translate to hours and hours of fun for kids.
All you need are the tiny beads that swell into the water beads, your sensory table, and some other optional accessories. Water beads start off as small beads. To turn them into their fun and smooth swollen form, you have to leave them in water to absorb the liquid.
You can use this process as an entertaining experiment with the kids. Once you finish growing the beads, you can start filling up the sensory table. Add in some fish figures and complete the ocean-themed setup. Using an ocean theme with this sensory table is an excellent visual experience and makes for a great combination with the water beads’ tactile input.
Arctic Landscape Sensory Table
The arctic environment is a mysterious wonderland. Simulate the enigmatic habitat right on your sensory table using a snow-themed aesthetic, ice, and some arctic animal toys. Your kids can be part of the assembly so they can design their own wonderland.
Start by creating ice chunks using a 12-cavity muffin tin. Put it in the freezer and wait for it to freeze. While you wait, you can start creating some fake snow by combining six cups of baking soda and a cup of conditioner. Mix these components together until they’re fully incorporated. To make the sensory table look even more like an arctic environment, add a few drops of blue food coloring with a couple of cups of water.
When the ice chunks freeze over, you can put the fake snow on one side of the sensory table, some blue marbles at the edge of the fake snow to act like ice, and the water on one side of the bin. Ice chunks are going to be the floating icebergs in this arctic environment replica. To make things more interesting and fun, you can buy an arctic animal toy set. Some packages include walruses, sea lions, whales, polar bears, and many more.
Edible Zoo Sensory Table
The goal of this recommendation is to provide kids with edible materials, so it’s important to ensure that all the components are sanitary and safe. The assembly of this sensory table will rely on colorful and tasty snacks, so it not only provides a nice visual experience but a great gustatory stimulation, too.
These snacks can vary depending on what you feel like including or what you have available. However, it’s recommended to have a variety of textures with the snacks you use for a complete sensory experience. You can start with marshmallows, puffed rice cereal, chocolate cereal, blue gelatin, green gelatin, and broccoli florets.
Layout the snacks that you have on the sensory table on a clean surface. Once you organize them, you can top them off with small animal figures. The blue gelatin can be the fish area; the corn cereal can be the cheetah’s habitat, and so on. When you’re finally done playing with your zoo animals, you can enjoy snack time right away.
Frequently Asked Questions
Sensory tables are incredible innovations. That said, you still may have questions about it. In this section of the article, the most frequently asked questions are addressed.
What Age is a Sensory Table Good For?
Children can benefit from sensory tables as early as 36 months old. Generally speaking, sensory tables for younger kids should have limited materials as components may become choking hazards. The recommended materials for younger children are water, sand, and some fixed plastic objects. Regardless of age, make sure that all the materials you include in the assembly are safe and non-toxic.
What Should be in a Sensory Table?
Sensory tables are all about variety and stimulating as many senses as possible. Include materials that deliver interesting tactile input, so components such as rice, sand, pasta, or what experts consider as the base are ideal. You can also use beans, quinoa, shredded paper, marbles, and more.
Experiment with color and scents as well because sensory learning is all about exposing children to all sorts of sensations. Visual stimulation revolves around the colors you expose children to and the textures and patterns they can see. For scents, you may consider involving plants and spices like rose petals, dried herbs, natural extracts, and cinnamon sticks.
Toys can play a part in adding color, textures, and scents to sensory tables, so as long as it fits the theme and purpose of the sensory table, consider using as many toys as possible. Think about ways to develop children’s physical capabilities as well. Add tools like tweezers, cups, brushes, chopsticks, and a variety of other materials that can provide exercises for refining physical skills.
Here’s a quick list of things you can include:
- Kinetic Sand
- Water Beads
- Epsom Salt
- Flower Petals
What Do Kids Learn on a Sensory Table?
Using sensory tables is an innovative way to provide children with information. This novel way of teaching educates children through sensation, stimulating vision, hearing, smelling, feeling, and tasting. Sensory tables teach children about the things they can experience in the world ahead of time, refining their senses through firsthand experience and exploration.
Additionally, it also develops many essential skills through unique play mechanics. It provides opportunities for physical growth, sharpening fine motor skills, hand-eye coordination, and many other exercises. It improves mental skills by enhancing cognitive skills, creativity, logic, language, color recognition, creativity, and imagination.
Many sensory tables also improve social and emotional skills by providing opportunities for collaborative and cooperative activities. These activities lead to better socio-emotional mastery and help them build better interpersonal relationships.
Sensory boards also encourage and fuel natural curiosity. It nurtures children’s passion for learning and sharpens their investigative skills.
How Often Do You Change Sensory Tables?
There are a variety of compositions that come with sensory tables. The common practice is changing the materials for your sensory tables every two weeks because children get bored easily. However, there are components that easily spoil. If your sensory table involves using components that easily deteriorate, you may want to consider cleaning that up as soon as possible.
What’s amazing about sensory tables is that most compositions are easy to create, with most materials available in most households. So with just the resources you have at home, you can create sensory tables that your children can enjoy for hours.
These are just some of the best sensory table ideas up there. But the real beauty of sensory tables is that, as long as it serves the purpose of entertainment and education, the components can be whatever you want to be. The most important thing is that you keep your children learning.
When it comes to introducing your kids to new and unfamiliar things, sensory tables shine. This innovation is a fantastic idea for kids who crave sensory exploration as a training ground for nurturing curiosity, interests, and passion for learning.